Pakistan is located in South Asia bordering with India, China, Afghanistan and Iran. It is the 33rd largest nation by total area. Pakistan means pure land in the local language.
Pakistan occupies about 880,000 square kilometers of land, it is stretch from the Arabian sea to the high mountains of the Central Asia. Pakistan is a country of contrasts: expansive dusty plains to the high snowy peaks of the Karakoram and the Himalaya in Gilgit Baltistan. From Ancient Mughal Empires and history spanning thousands of years to today’s sprawling technology hubs Pakistan is home to now over 207 million people.
Pakistan has a 1,046 Kilometre coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south. It has border with India in the east connected by air, road and train. Iran in the southwest and Afghanistan to the west connected by air and roads. China lies in the North which is connected by air and Karakoram Highway the famous ancient Silk Route.
The area that now is the modern Pakistan was the site of many ancient cultures and intertwined with the history of the broader Indian subcontinent. The ancient history involves the Bronze Age Indus Valley civilisation and the Neolithic sites of Mehrgarh which later on become home to kingdoms ruled by people of different cultures and faiths, including Indo-Greeks, Turco- Mongols, Hindus, Afghans and Sikhs. This area has been ruled by number of empires and dynasties, including the Persian Achaemenid Empire, Alexander III of Macedon, the Seleucid Empire, the Indian Maurya Empire, the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Afghan Durrani Empire, and most recently the British Indian Empire.
A melting pot of religions, culture and historic ancestry, the people of this country makes the world 6th largest population. Sindhi and Muhajir people are found in the Sind Province which is the south, while Balochistan is home to Baloch people. The major ethnic groups are Punjabis (44% of Pakistan population) from the Punjab province. Pashtuns are also known as Pathans are found the the KPK province of the country. Other minority ethnic groups in Pakistan are the Brahuis, Kashmiris, Hazara and various people of Gilgit Baltistan. These groups and many more can trace their roots back to invasions from the Turks, Arabs, Persian and the Mughals. Traditions and values remain strong and you are able to experience them with the help of our guide.
Wherever you go in Pakistan, you will see how much religion plays a part of day-to-day life. Islam is the main religion in Pakistan and travelling across the country you will see signs of many other faiths from Karachi and Lahore’s churches, Hindu temples and Sikh Gurdwaras at Nankana Sahib and Faisal Mosque in Islamabad. Islam is the main religion across Pakistan, however Hinduism and christianity are found more prominently in the south. There are people who follow some other religions, such as Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainisim and minority of Parsi. The Kalahsa People of Kalash valley in the Chitral district of KPK maintain a unique identity and religion.
Administrative divisions of Pakistan
|Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK)||Peshawar||40,525,047|
|Islamabad Capital Territory||Islamabad||2,851,868|
Although countries of the west may not embrace Paratha ( a type of pancakes made with wheat and butter) for breakfast, Pakistani cuisine are high in the list of favourites. From traditional meat curries – to sea food and rice dishes more commonly in the south or simple Dhal (lentils), Aalo (Potato) dishes, there is something for all plates, all incredibly tasty and cooked with local spices. Across Gilgit Baltistan you offered Mamto (momos/stuffed dumplings). For those with sweet tooth, try Gulab Jmaun (sweet dumplings cooked in rose flavoured syrup) for desert.
When thinking about Pakistan wildlife, the snow leopards and the Himalayan brown bear of Deosai comes to mind and justly so their healthy populations continue to attract visitors to its national parks every year. From Indus River dolphins to snow leopards, Pakistan is also a home to many other amazing wild lives. Snow leopards is a remarkable animal which is a symbol of national heritage of Pakistan. It is found in the Hindukusch and the Karakoram mountains of Pakistan. Snow leopard is an exclusive symbols of northern areas and it is an important part of their ecological system.
Deosai National Park, the second world high altitude plateau (4,111m) in the backdrop of Nanga Parbat (8,126m) is home to the Himalayan Brown bear, Snow leopards and many other wild lives. Snow keeps Deosai covered eight months in a year, up come the summer, the crystal streams, flora, fauna makes this place living heaven on earth.
Stretching across the Gilgit Baltistan areas, The Himalaya, Karakoram and the Hindukush mountain range offer incredible scenery, a huge range of walking, trekking and climbing options. This region is the most spectacular and peaceful region of Pakistan in terms of its geography, rich culture, landscape and scenic beauty. Here the world’s three Great mightiest mountain ranges meet: the Karakoram, the Handukush and the Himalayas. This regions is home to some of the world’s most breathtaking mountains which makes its the ultimate climbers heaven. The five of the fourteen highest peaks of the world are here, the mountains of the mountain K2 (8,611), the Magnificent Nanga Parbat (8,126), Hidden Peak (8,080), Broad Peak (8,047 ), and Gasherbrum II (8,035m ).
Gilgit Baltistan (northern areas) is also home to Baltoro and Hispar Glacier which is the largest Glaciers outside the polar glaciers. The scope for adventure and mountaineering holidays in Pakistan is virtually unlimited, from classic treks like K2 Base Camp and K2 and Gondogoro La Trek, to remote regions such as the Snow Lake-Hisper Trek in the heart of the Karakoram, if biking is your thing, then there are spectacular rides across the Karakoram & Western Himalayas, from Chitral to Khunjerab Pass via the Ancient Silk Road (Karakoram Highway), from Gilgit To Skardu via Deosai Plato. For climbers, there are range of 6,000 meter plus peaks which provides an exciting challenge. You can also have a perfect family holiday and Tours across Gilgit Baltistan and “Pakistan”. They are considered to be among the world’s greatest tours with breathtaking scenery and attractions.